war memorial at dusk, photographed by Michelle Cooper

World War I



Surnames C

Care, M. L.  
Margaret Louise Care, G5721, was a General Domestic Worker in the WRNS having joined on 28 May 1918. Her character was said to have been very good and her ability superior(?) She was born on 16 January 1900 in Folkestone to Francis Robert "Frank" and Sarah Care. The couple had married in 1893. In 1901 the family were living at 16 Dover Street in Folkestone, with daughters Mabel, Sarah, Ellen, and Margaret.

Mrs Care died in 1902 at the age of 29, and Frank remarried, to Susan Penny. In 1911 the family were living at 8 Radnor Street, with two of the former Mrs Penny's daughters, Annie, then aged 20, and Isabel, then aged 12. A son, Sidney Francis, had been born in 1905. 

Margaret Care died "from disease" at 21 Beach Street, Dover, in the parish of Holy Trinity  on 28 October 1918 aged 18. This was the home of her sister Mabel and her husband John Durrant, who had married in 1914. They attended her funeral on 2 November at St Mary's, where she was buried in 1 GJ, as did Mr and Mrs Care. Mrs Sarah White, another sister, who had married in 1917, also attended. A number of fellow WRNS attended the graveside and six blue-jackets acted as bearers. Floral tributes included those from the NCOs and members of HM Experimental Base, Dover

with thanks to Joyce Banks

Another WRNS was Hilda Bowman, died 24 October 1918, buried Charlton.

Carlin, J.  
John Carlin, L/10559, was a Serjeant in the 7th battalion of The Buffs. He was born in Dover on 1 July 1897 Before enlisting which he did at the age of 18 he worked as a labourer. After his enlistment he served at home between 10 July 1915 and 9 August 1916 and went to France on 10 September 1916

He was reported missing in action and later as having died on 30 September 1918. He is commemorated on the Vis en Artois Memorial, France. Panel 3. He is also named on the St Mary's Parish Memorial, Dover

On 17 June 1919 he was gazetted with the Military Medal 

John's father had died on 14 May 1906. His mother who had married John's father in 1894 was Annie Elizabeth Carlin née Hicks formerly Burr of 12 Percival Terrace, Winchelsea, Dover, and he had an elder brother Thomas serving in the Navy. His younger brother was George Carlin then 15 and at home with his mother. He had also a half-brother Stephen Ernest Burr Mrs Carlin's son who was living at 1 Stembrook, and who was killed in action on 21 March 1918

By 25 May 1918 Mrs Carlin was living at 7 Victoria Row, High Street, Dover, with his sisters Rose Phoebe then 18 and Priscilla Alice then 14 living with her. Another sister Annie Mary Carlin then 22 was living at 182 Heathfield Avenue, with their half-sister Emily Ellen Campbell née Burr then 31. Emily wrote to the Infantry Office on 16 November 1919 on behalf of her mother to enquire after the personal belongings of her brother; a pocket wallet a wrist watch and a small book

Chidwick, F. G.
medal, courtesy Mrs Ellis
Frank George Chidwick, 709556, was a Private in the Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regiment) 78th battalion. He was born in Dover, and emigrated to Canada in 1907.

He was sworn in at Sussex Town by a Magistrate from Kings County New Brunswick on 1 November 1915 and was described as a farmer five feet three inches tall with gray eyes and black hair. Born on 1 June 1885 he died on 26 August 1918. He is buried at Villers-Bretonneux Military Cemetery, France. XVIA A 12.  The words at the foot of his headstone read "God be with you, until we meet again. Peace, perfect peace. Mother"

His mother was Mrs Katherine Chidwick of 4 Victoria Crescent, Dover, and later of 4 Devonshire Road, Tower Hamlets

with thanks to E Ellis
The cross is a George V silver cross and is a replica of that at the entrance to the Memorial Chamber at the Canadian Parliament which is dedicated to the memory of those who died in the service of Canada. The silver cross was created on 1 December 1919 and is a medal presented to mothers and widows. 58,500 George V silver crosses were issued. The soldier's name is inscribed thereon and the recipient is permitted to wear the cross at any time (thanks to a Canadian reader for this information)

iI only know he passed away, and never said goodbye, in memoriam James Clift, courtesy Dover ExpressClift, J.
James Edward Clift was a Fireman on the SS "Achille Adam" (London) a Merchant Navy man. The vessel was attacked by an enemy submarine and he died from exposure on 24 March 1917, when he was 30. He is commemorated on the Tower Hill Memorial, London

He was born at Dover the son of Elizabeth Clift and the late James Edward Clift and the husband of Sarah Rose Clift (née Bradish) of 1 Bowling Green Hill, Dover

In ever loving memory of Fireman James Edward Clift who died serving his country ... "Until the dawn breaks" - from his loving Mother, Brothers, and Frank and Em (Rochester) - 1920

courtesy Dover Express

courtesy Dover Express


A G Cloke headstone, by Simon ChambersAG Cloke house, by Simon ChambersCloke, A. G. 
Alfred George Cloke, 3954 was in the Royal Naval Reserve with the trawler W H Poddy. He died on 7 December 1915 when he was 36. He is buried at Buckland. Grave 1817

His wife was Ellen Maria Saunders, formerly Cloke of 8 Primrose Road, Buckland, Dover 

At the bottom of his headstone are the words:

sweet sleep
he so much needed
free from care and pain
could we wish him back again


Collins, C. H. 
Charles Henry Collins, 6897, was a Serjeant in the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment) 1st battalion. He died on 27 October 1914 shortly after being admitted to hospital. Both his legs had been shot away at Le Maroc. He was buried at Cite Bonjean, Armentieres, France. IX A 32

He had been married only in the April. His wife was staying with her parents at 1 Sydney Terrace, Malvern Road

Collier, F.
Frederick Henry Collier was a Private in the 1st battalion of The Buffs. He died on 25 C Collier, courtesy Dover ExpressOctober 1914 aged 19 and is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial, Belgium. Panel 2

He was the son of Charles Isaac and Florence Collier from 46 Harvey Street, Folkestone, and formerly from 3 Beach Street. Mr Collier had been in the army himself for twenty years. On leaving the army he had joined the Ordnance and then the Customs Staff

The couple had four sons serving at the Front.  One of their other sons Charles was a POW having been taken prisoner when seen to be wounded by an enemy soldier who was about to bayonet him

Cork, H.
Harry Cork, courtesy Dover ExpressHarry Cork attested on 1 September 1914 and became Private 750 in The Buffs. Then a labourer he had served previously in the South Africa Campaign. He was noted as having a small heart tattoo on his left forearm

He served at home from enlistment to 4 October 1915 then went out with the BEF for seventeen days. He then served with the ME Force between 23 October 1915 to 11 October 1916 returning home on 12 October. On  30 June 1917 he was transferred to 584th Home Service Employment Company, Labour Corps serving as 276409 and was discharged as no longer physically fit for war service on 8 March (newspaper report says "April") 1918. Described as a pensioner, he died aged 47 on 15 April 1918 and was buried with military honours from 14 George Street on 20 April at Buckland Cemetery, Dover. Grave D2067

son Harry Cork, courtesy Dover ExpressMourners at his funeral included his widow, the former Elizabeth Clarke, whom he had married in Dover on 21 January 1897 and his sons: Harry (right, serving at home in the ASC) Thomas James Robert born at Dover on 6 August 1900 and who suffered from epilepsy, and Stephen Valentine born at Dover on 5 June 1904.  His other son Alfred was on war service in Belgium

Also present were his widow's sisters: Mrs Richards, Miss Cork, Miss M Clarke, his mother-in-law Mrs Clarke and his aunt Mrs J Clarke, Mrs Cork his stepmother, his brothers G and W Harry Cork headstone, by Joyce BanksCork, his brother-in-law Mr M Peace, and Mrs Dunkin and cousin Rose. There were floral tributes from his sorrowing wife and family, from his mother and family (45 George Street) from his nephew in France and many more

The family lived at 14 George Street when Harry died and there received also the sad news that Alfred had been killed two days after the death of his father

At the bottom of the headstone are the words, "Rest in Peace"

service details with thanks to Joyce Banks

Costello, F. R.
Francis Robert Costello, 422437, was a Private in the Canadian Infantry (Manitoba Regiment) He was in the 27 battalion and said to be in the Machine Gun Section. He died at Chatham Military Hospital on 24 April 1917 from wounds received at Vimy Ridge and is buried at the Fort Pitt Military Cemetery, Kent. 1454

Born on 22 November 1896 he was the third son of John Edward and Emily Costello née Wrake from 14 Quay Avenue, St Vital, Winnipeg, Manitoba, formerly Meadowvale, Manitoba. They came from Dover having been married there in 1883 and having both been born there, in 1860 and 1859 respectively.  Mrs Costello's father was James Wrake, a Trinity Pilot..

Private Costello was five feet five inches tall when he enlisted on 15 April 1915 at the age of 19 and eight months and had been working as a clerk (Note: CWGC gives his age as 18 when he died).

Private Costello's cousin, Frederick Frank Bean, is commemorated on the memorial at Broadstairs, Kent. His mother and Private Costello's mother were sisters.

Mary Jane Bean, née Wrake, was widowed when her husband, John Caleb Bean, a plumber born in Dover, was killed by a train on the South Eastern and Chatham Railway in November 1895. From 31 High Street, Broadstairs, he had been declared bankrupt in January 1895 after the failure of his business, and, destitute, Mrs Bean placed her two youngest sons in homes.

The elder of the two, Walter George Bean, became a "Home Child", sent in 1902 through Barnardo's Homes to Canada. There he settled, and enlisted on 8 June 1916 with the 25th Brant Dragoons for the Great War. He was invalided out after three months as unfit owing to bunions.  Born on 2 April 1891, and christened at Broadstairs Holy Trinity on  10 May 1891, the younger, Frederick Frank Bean, lost his life on 5 June 1916 when HMS Hampshire sunk after striking an enemy mine off Mainland, Orkney. This was the same incident that claimed the life of Lord Kitchener.

Leading Stoker Bean is commemorated by the CWGC on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.

W H Cramp gravestone, by Simon Chambers

Walter Cramp, courtesy Lawrence GregoryCramp, W. H.
Walter Herbert Cramp, 33680. He was a Private in the 1st/6th Battalion of the Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) (formerly 24635 of the Royal Sussex Regiment) "After much suffering" he died at the Military Hospital Dover on 27 May 1919, aged 21

He was buried at St James Cemetery, KG 2 with full military honours. Amongst the mourners were "his ever loving father and mother" who, like him lived at 4 Alexandra Place, Buckland, Dover, and his brothers and sisters: Fred, George, Nellie, Polly, Lizzie, Louie, Flo, and Minnie. Another brother Albert was in France

"Deeply mourned by all"

picture with thanks to Lawrence Gregory
note: Private Cramp's birth was registered in 1897 and his age at death in the family announcement was given as 22
Frederick  Hubbard believed to be his brother-in-law married to Flo(rence) also died on 23 November 1918

Arthur Cutting's family grave, at All Saints, Waldershare, by Simon Chambers Cutting, A. I.
Arthur Isacke Cutting, 105401, was a Private in the Saskatchewan Regiment of the Canadian Infantry 5th battalion. He had previously served with the Australian Mounted Police and was 6 feet tall with blue eyes and black hair. On enlistment on 29 November 1915 he was employed as a farmer 

He died on 9 April 1917 at Vimy Ridge and is buried at the Nine Elms British Cemetery, Thelus, France. IV A 8

He was born at Herne Bay on 20 August 1897 and his parents were Nathaniel and Katherine Cutting, from 3 Redvers Cottages, Kearsney, Dover

part of edge stone of Cutting grave, by Simon Chamberspart of edge stone of Cutting grave, by Simon Chambers

Above is his parent's grave at All Saints Waldershare. The church is now little used and the cemetery is overgrown. The book memorial on the grave reads: "Sacred to the Memory of Nathaniel Cutting (Cutting) born 11 November 1848, died 8th June 1909 Katherine his beloved wife born 7th September 1852, died 27th February 1941, Beneath are the Everlasting Arms"

On the left-hand edge of the grave are the words: "Arthur Isacke Cutting, their eldest son, died 9 April 1017 at Vimy Ridge, France, aged 27 years". On the right-hand edge are the words: "Frank Vincent Cutting". The tree that has grown at the edge of the grave has rendered the remainder of the inscription unreadable 

Copyright 2006-14 © Marilyn Stephenson-Knight. All Rights Reserved