war memorial at dusk, photographed by Michelle Cooper

World War I



Surnames T

J Taylor, courtesy Dover ExpressTaylor, J.
Jack Taylor, G/9192, had been a Thiepval, by Andy and Michelle Coopertram driver before he joined the 8th battalion of the Buffs. He died at the age of 22 on 18th August 1916. He is commemorated on the Thiepval memorial in France.

He was the fourth son of Mr and Mrs F. Taylor, of 66 St James Street, Dover, and was born, enlisted, and lived in Dover.

J Taylor name at Thiepval, by Michelle and Andy Cooper



His brother Percy, born on 19th May 1898 at 66 St James Street, also served in the Great War, fighting on the Somme. He became one of the Home Guard during World War II.

Percy in the Home Guard, courtesy Therasa Dowsett

cu Percy, courtesy Teheras Dowsett







Occupied as a postman, Percy married Ivy Hollands at Tonbridge in 1920. The couple had two sons - Eric and Donald. Percy died in Hailsham, Sussex in 1960, aged 61. He is pictured in the second row from front, third from right, and in the centre of the closer image.

with thanks to Therasa Dowsett

Terry, H.
Harry Terry, courtesy Craig TerryHarry Terry, 158515, was a Sailmaker in the HMS "Cressy" of the Royal Navy. He Blanche Terry, courtesy Craig Terrywas killed on 22nd September 1914, when the three cruisers of the live-bait squadron were attacked by an enemy submarine.

In his late thirties when he died, he had a long Royal Naval career. In 1891, aged 15, he was aboard the St Vincent, at Portsmouth, and ten years later was serving aboard "Sappo" at Delagoa Bay (now Maputo Bay) on the coast of Mozambique.   

Born at Charlton, Dover, he was the son of Henry, a coachman, and Isabel Terry, and the husband of Blanche Esther Terry (pictured left), daughter of tailor John William Brown, of 40 Marine Parade. They had married at St James on 29th April 1911, when Harry's occupation was given as Petty Officer, and his abode as Gibraltar. When he was lost his address was given as 33 Marine Parade, given also as Blanche's address when she married.

He is commemorated on the Chatham Naval memorial in the United Kingdom. 

George Terry with young Harry, courtesy Craig Terry

Harry and Blanche had a mourning card - "In loving memory of my dearly loved husband, Harry Terry, who lost his life by the sinking of HMS Aboukir in the North Sea on the 22nd September 1914, aged 30 years. "Thy Will be Done"", courtesy Craig Terryson, also named Harry. He is pictured here with his Uncle George, Harry's brother, in about 1920. George was one of many Dovorians who emigrated to Australia, and who served in an Australian force in the Great War. 

Although official records state that Harry was serving aboard the Cressy, Blanche on her mourning card (right) states that he was aboard the Aboukir, below.



back of postcard of Aboukir, courtesy Craig Terrypostcard of Aboukir, courtesy Craig Terry

On the back of the postcard Blanche has written, "Harry was reported missing from HMS Cressy but he was on HMS Aboukir. He was only lent for duty one day to the Cressy and not reported returned to his proper ship."

with thanks to Craig Terry

Terry, S. J.   
S Terry, name on Menin Gate, by Michelle and Andy CooperSamuel James Terry, L/9338, joined the 2nd battalion of the Queen's (Royal West Surrey) and was a Corporal. He was killed in action on 7th November 1914, when he was 24. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate memorial in Belgium.

He was the son of Mrs R Terry, of 21 Minerva Avenue, Dover, born at Christchurch, Dover, and living and enlisting in Dover.

Percy Terry, coutesy Dover ExpressPercy Terry (left) was the brother of Samuel. He was also in the Queen's, and was wounded twice. He lost the little finger of his left hand and the use of the third on 15th November 1914, and on 25th September 1915 received a bullet in his chest and a shell that penetrated and scraped his ribs. He had returned to to Cottenham near Cambridge to recuperate and then to visit his parents, Mr and Mrs Samuel Terry, from Vale Farm, Studdale, near Dover.

In 1940 this In Memoriam announcement was placed: 

In memoriam announcement, courtesy Dover Express
November 1940

To the ever precious memory of our darling boy, Segt Samuel Terry, killed November 7th 1914.
Some may think that we forget him
When at times they see us smile;
They little know the silent heartache
That is hidden all the while
Never forgotten by his Mum, Sister, and Brother

Tester, A. E.  
AE Tester, courtesy Dover ExpressArthur Edward Tester 71587, was born in Dover on 13th February 1890, in which town he had also enlisted. He was the son of Mr Thomas Tester, of Priory Road, Dover, and his wife, Margaret Ann, and had a number of older siblings: Flora, Bertha, Thomas, Annie, Ethel, and George, and at least one younger, Frederick.

He married Mary Meretta Pulham, aunt of Jack Pulham, on 30th April 1911, and as Mr Tester was enlisting as no 167 of the 3rd Dover Company of the Kent RGA (T), on 9th November 1914, the family had three children. The first, seated in the picture below,. was named after his father, Arthur Edward, and was born on 31st January 1912. He was followed by his brother Ronald (centre), born in 1913, and by a sister, Irene, born in late 1914.

On 25th February 1916, Mr Tester became a Gunner in the Royal Garrison Artillery, 109th Siege Battery, enlisting on 25th February 1916. Five months later, A E Tester, family, by courtesy John Testeron 24th July 1916, at the age of 26, he had lost his life near Fricourt Wood, north east of Fricourt village and east of Albert, the Somme, in France. His family, then living at 39 Clarendon Place, were told that he had been killed by a stray shell landing on the officers' mess, where he apparently had been working at the time. The shell killed several officers and other ranks as well. The day of his death may not have been a major battle day in the area where he died; however there was an almost continuous heavy artillery bombardment at that period.

Gunner Tester was originally buried in a grave at a cemetery in a clearing at the top of Fricourt Wood, which grave was marked with a wooden cross and recorded as being next to the graves of five officers of the 109th Siege battery. In 1920 his body was moved to Dantzig Alley British Cemetery, Mametz, Somme, France, plot 3, row H, grave 6. His grandson has found the names of seven men from the 109th Siege Battery buried at Dantzig who died on 24th July 1916:

postcard, courtesy John Tester

Gunner Arthur Edward Tester
Gunner R.J. Mathieson
2nd Lieut Albert Henry Cox
2nd Lieut John Geoffrey.Savage
2nd Lieut Peter Walls Thomson
Major H.Wadlow
2nd Lieut Albert William Webb

Right: postcard of Fricourt showing the main road and pond "avant le bombardement" - before the bombardment On the back is written the location of Gunner Tester's grave

Mrs Tester survived her husband Arthur by over 60 years, dying on 6th December 1976. Sadly she was also to lose their second son, Ronald, from peritonitis, on 12th March 1922. Arthur, their elder son, died on 18th March 2002, and Irene died in Australia in the mid 1990s.

gravestone, by Joyce Banks

In Loving Memory of
Ronald Tester
who fell asleep 12th March 1922
aged 9 years
"Safe in the arms of Jesus"
Also of
Arthur Edward Tester
Father of the above
killed in France
24th July 1916
aged 28 years
"Until the Day Break"

headstone at St James

In Loving Memory
of Gunner A E Tester, of a Siege Battery, RGA, who was killed in action on Monday, 24th July 1916

We are standing around where he's buried,
And we think of his home far away,
In that far distant land o'er the ocean
Which he left in his manhood one day.

We are thinking of hearts that are broken
Of his loved ones who mourn for their dead,
And we dread that their hopes will be buried
In the land where their hero is laid

He answered the call of his country,
And we mourn his as one of the best,
Yet although it is hard to bid him good-bye
In our heart we can't grudge him his rest

photo by Jean Marsh

He now lies at peace in God's acre,
Undisturbed by the strife overhead;
He has answered God's roll-call in heaven,
And we've taken farewell of our dead.

We shall meet him again in the morning,
When all war, with its sorrow, is o'er
And the final "Reveille" has sounded
On a brighter and happier shore.

To those in his home and who miss him,
who yearn for their son, now no more,
Jesus Christ, in Thine infinite pity,
Give them strength for the Cross that Thou bore.

  Help them, Lord, to believe that up yonder,
In that mansion prepared by Thy love,
Their dear dead will be waiting to greet them
In the home of Thy kingdom above.
R (H?) McLeod
At the foot of the headstone are the words, "Peace, perfect peace"

Message sent to the Batteries,
enclosing a message from General Rawlings, Commander of  4th Army, thanking them and congratulating them on their fire, skill, and hard work, without which the infantry could not have achieved their task   handwritten message, courtesy John Tester
In conveying the thanks and congratulations expressed by the 4th Army Commander on the excellent work done by the III Corps Heavy Artillery during the recent bombardment of the German lines, I wish at the same time to take this opportunity of expressing my deep sense of gratitude and appreciation to the Group Commanders, Officers, NCOs, and men of all Batteries for the magnificent manner in which the Batteries have been fought and served. No one realises more than I do the magnitude of your efforts, which in the near future must lead only to one end(?).
Signed by A E J Perkings, Brig Gen HA III Corps.

with grateful thanks to John Tester for the information and for the family, postcard, and message images
with thanks to Joyce Banks for headstone photograph and transcription

Tester, H. 
Harry Tester, 48802, enlisted in Canterbury, and was a Rifleman in the Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), the London Post Office Rifles Regiment. He was 18 when he died between 8th and 10th August 1918. He lies at the Beacon Cemetery, Sailly-Laurette, France.

He was the son of Harry Tester, who was born in Brighton, and his wife Annie M. Tester. Harry the younger was born in Margate, as the third child of the family, having then two older sisters, Fanny and Dora. They lived in Tunbridge Wells before coming to Dover, Annie's birthplace. They resided for a time at 8 Norman Street, Dover

Thomas E. W.
Edward Wenham Thomas, 358088, was a Gunner in the 62nd Siege Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery (Kent RGA TF). He was 25 when he died of wounds on 13th October 1917, and he is buried at the Dozingham Military Cemetery, Belgium.

He was the son of James and Agnes Mary Thomas, of 44 Union Road, Dover, born and enlisting in Dover.

FC Thompson, courtesy Dover ExpressThompson, F. C. 
Frederick Charles Thompson, J/29148, was a Boy, 1st class in the Royal Navy, aboard the HMS "Clan McNaughton". He was drowned on 3rd February 1915 when his ship was lost in the North Atlantic. He was 16 years and four months old. He is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial in the United Kingdom .

Born in Dover on 17 October 1898, he was the son of George Edward and Louisa Thompson, née Pearce, of 30, Dickson Road,  Tower Hamlets, Dover, formerly 3 Spring Gardens, Dover, and in 1915, at 5 Biggin Court, Biggin Street, Dover. The family moved often; in 1901 they were at 7 Portland Place, Dover. Then Mr Thompson was working as a dock labourer, and at home also was Frederick's elder brother, George, then aged 4.

Thompson, J. J. B.
Joseph John Bassett Thompson, 174879, a Chief Petty Officer in the Royal Navy, was killed by a mine explosion in the Straits of Dover on 23 March 1917. He had been aboard the HMS  "Laforey". He is commemorated on the Chatham Naval memorial in the United Kingdom.

Brother-in-law to George Simmonds, he was 38 when he died, and had been awarded a long service and a good conduct medal. He was the son of William John and Mary Ann Thompson. In 1881 Mary Thompson and her sons were in the Dover Union workhouse, where Joseph was aged 3 and described as a pauper in the nursery. Mary was working as a charlady. By 1891 the family were living at 1 Albion Place, Dover.  Mary was still a charwoman, Alfred was then 15 and a boiler cleaner, and Joseph was 12.

He was the husband of Elizabeth Ann Thompson, of 11 Pioneer Road, formerly 5 Pionee Road. He left a son, and a little daughter who was born just after his death.  (Exhibition 06) (Memorial)

S A Thompson, courtesy Dover ExpressThompson, S. A.
Samuel Alexander Thompson, 23884, was a sergeant in the Royal Garrison Artillery. He died of wounds on 13th July 1917 at Arras, aged 29. He is buried at St Nicolas British cemetery, France.

His wife was Clara H S Thompson, of 8 Oakleigh Terrace, Westbury Road, Dover. He was born and enlisted in Dover.


announcement from Mrs Thompson of death, courtesy Dover Express Could I have raised his dying head
Or heard his last farewell,
The pain would not have been so hard,
For one who loved him well.

From his broken hearted wife
thanking all friends for their sympathy in her sad bereavement

Little we thought when he bade us good-bye
He had left us for ever; he left us to die;
When we look at his picture and think of how he died,
A faithful British soldier, for all of us he died.

From his sorrowing Mother, Father, Brothers, and Sisters
thanking all friends for their sympathy in their sad bereavement

in memoriam, courtesy Dover Express
July 1941
In ever loving memory of my beloved husband, Samuel Alex Thompson, who fell in action July 13th 1917 - His loving wife, Clara. Until the day breaks.
Thorner, R. E. 
Reginald Ernest Thorner (or Ernest Reginald), L/9143, was a Sergeant in the Queen's Royal West Surrey regiment, the 1st battalion. He was killed in action on 25th September 1915. He is commemorated on the Loos memorial in France.

He was born in Chiddingfold, Surrey, and enlisted in Guildford. He lived in Dover. His nephews Frederick and Robert Booker lost their lives in WWII.

Thorp, A. T
Alexander Thomas Thorp, DM2/166209, was a Driver in the 956th Mechanical Transport Company, the Royal Army Service Corps. Born on 17 March 1876 in Dover, the son of George and Catherine Thorp, he died on 5th January 1919 at CCS Alexandria. He is buried at the Ramleh War Cemetery, Israel, EE 49.

His next-of-kin was Mrs M. Thorp, from 45a George Street, probably his wife. He was father to four children, Thomas, Maud, Catherine, and Albert..

Portsmouth by DeanSumnerThurley, C. A.
Charles Albert Thurley, J/42039, was a Boy, 1st class, in the Royal Navy, of the HMS "Invincible". He was 17 when he was killed in action at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916. He is commemorated on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial in  the United Kingdom (left).  

Born on 15 July 1898, he was the son of Robert and Amy Florence Thurley, of 11 Edred Road, Dover. In 1901 the family were living at 44 Marshall Street, Folkestone, where Mr Thurley was working as a bricklayer. He was born in Paddington, London, while his wife and Charles were born in Dover. Their youngest child then, Arthur, 11 months, had been born in Folkestone.

picture by Dean Sumner. Five names above Charles Thurley's is Dean's Great Uncle Horace, lost with over a thousand others when the HMS Indefatigable was sunk. Horace was also just 17.

M Tierney, courtesy Dover ExpressTierney, M. P. 
Maurice Paul Tierney, G/8037. In The Buffs, he was a Lance Serjeant of the 6th battalion. He died on 7th October 1916, aged 21 years and 10 months, and is commemorated at Thiepval memorial in France. He enlisted, lived, and was born in Dover. 

The officer commanding his company wrote to his parents, saying that he was killed instantly by a shell whilst leading his men in the attack. All grieved to hear of his death because he was a good soldier, entirely fearless and popular with everyone. 


Tiltman, A. V. 
Arthur Viney Tiltman, 39016, was a Private in the 1st battalion of the East Surrey Regiment. He was killed in action near Beaurain on 20th October 1918, at the age of 18. He is buried at Amerval communal cemetery extension, Solesmes, France.

He was the son of Mr and Mrs H. V. Tiltman, of 3 Churchill Street, Dover, born in Dover, but he enlisted in Canterbury.

headstone by Joyce BanksTodd, E. 
E. Todd. There was an Edward Todd, aged 10, living at 4 South Road, recorded in the 1901 census. He was born in Dover, and was the son of George W. Todd and his wife Florrie. 

This may have been Edward George Walter Todd, who died at the Military Hospital in Dover on Monday, 6th December 1920, at the age of 29. He had been in the Territorial RGA in 1914, and went to France in 1916. He was demobilised in December 1918, after having been gassed, and also having suffered shell shock, septic poisoning, and trench fever. However, he resumed work as a fireman on the SECR. Around ten weeks prior to his death he was admitted to the Military Hospital, where he remained until he died.

He was buried on 11th December, with six of his former work colleagues bearing the coffin. His wife, his parents, and Mr B Jarvis "his chum who served with him during the war", were amongst the mourners. Floral tributes included one from his "broken-hearted wife".

His wife lived at 37 South Road. An Edward G W Todd had been married in 1919 to Lavinia Millen, in the Blean registration district.

The words on the headstone (now partially eroded) read:

In Loving Memory of
Edward George Todd
Died 6th December 1920
Aged 29 years
In the midst of life we are in death

Also of
Lavinia Todd
Wife of the above
?? August 1944

"You have passed, dear Ted, from this world of trouble.
Free from all sorrow and pain." (In memoriam, 1921)

with thanks to Joyce Banks

Torr, D. K. 
David Kellaway Torr, 13348, was a Rifleman in the King's Royal Rifle Corps, 2nd battalion (formerly 5442 RAOC). He was killed in action on 23rd October 1918, and is commemorated on the Vis-en-Artois memorial in France. 

He was born in Tavistock, probably in 1885, the son of Mr J S Torr. He enlisted in Woolwich, Kent, and lived in Dover. Mr J Marshall Morison of 3 Shakespeare Chambers, Bench Street, wrote on 23 November 1934 that he was his wife's brother. Mr Torr had been a resident of Dover for over 40 years.

H Tucker, courtesy Dover ExpressTucker, H. B.
Horace Benjamin Tucker, 182413, was a Petty Officer in the Royal Navy, aboard the HMS "Swiftsure". He died on 6th June 1915, at the Dardanelles and is commemorated on the Chatham Naval memorial in the United Kingdom.

Born on 28 September 1879 in Dover, he was the son of Horace and Sarah Tucker. In 1891 they were living at 11 Widred Road, and Mr tucker was working as a post office clerk. Horace was aged just 11 months, and his two elder sisters were also there; Sarah, 8, and Laura, 5. By 1891 they had moved to 1 Market Lane, Dover, and Mr Tucker was a printers' compositor. The family had been joined by two more sons; Frank, 2, and Walter, 18 months

His mother was living at 6 Victoria Road, High Street, Dover, when she was informed of his death. A next-of-kin was Mrs A A Tucker of 7 Church Court, Dieu Stone Lane, Dover

Tugwell, C. 
Charles Tugwell, 160057, was a tailor working in the High Street before he enlisted. Before joining up he had asked for an exemption so that he could finalise his business, having already passed as class A at Canterbury for the military. He was given six weeks to do so.

Mr Tugwell was also a keen ambulance man, a member of the St John' Ambulance Brigade, and when he did join up went into the Royal Army Medical Corps. He was then transferred to the Royal Garrison Artillery and became a Gunner in the 1st/2nd Lancashire Heavy Battery. He was 38 when he died from wounds on 6 April 1918. He lies at Abbeville Communal Cemetery Extension in France.

He was the eldest son of Charles Tugwell and the late Mrs. Tugwell, of Dover, and the husband of Elizabeth S. Tugwell, of "The Fountain," London Road, Dover. He was born and enlisted in that town, and was a brother of Peace and Harmony Lodge no 199.

Tull, W. D. J. 
WDJ Tull, on Arras memorial, by Andy and Michelle CooperWalter Daniel John Tull was a 2nd Lieutenant in the Middlesex Regiment. He was in the 17th battalion, attached to the 23rd battalion. He was the son of the late Daniel and late Alice Tull, and brother of Edward Tull-Warnock, of 419 Vincent Street, Glasgow. He was a former professional footballer with Tottenham Hotspurs and Northampton, and played over a hundred first team games for the latter.

He died on 25th March 1918, when he was 29, and is commemorated on the Arras memorial in France.  His cousins, Stephen and George Palmer, also died. 

(Exhibition 06) (article 1) (article 2)
(Note: Soldiers Died has his his middle name as David, not Daniel)

Tunnell, O.
Oliver Tunnell was an assistant master at the Grammar School for Boys, Dover, before enlisting. He became a temporary 2nd Lieutenant in the Northumberland Fusiliers, the 12th/13th battalion. He was 33 when he was killed in action on 24th October, 1918. He is commemorated on the Vis-en-Artois memorial in France.

He was the son of Edmund and Isabella Tunnell, from 20 Hanley Road, Shirley, Southampton, and the husband of Sarah E. Tunnell, of 101 Wingrove Avenue, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.   "We Remember " 06

Turner, B. A.
Bingham Alexander Turner, was a Captain in the Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own), 6th battalion, and his  Distinguished Service Order was announced in the Edinburgh Gazette on 27 June 1902.

He was killed in action when he was 37, on 2nd November 1914, and is commemorated on the Menin Gate memorial in Belgium. As a former pupil of Wellington College Public School, Crowthorne, he is commemorated also on their Roll of Honour and in their Book of Remembrance.

He was the husband of Gladys Gooch, formerly Turner, née Jervis, of Hodcott House, West Ilsley, Newbury, Berkshire, and the son of the late General Bingham Turner and Mrs Bingham Turner, of Milesdown, Winchester

with thanks to Andrew Radgick

Turrell, G. 
George Turrell, 281478, was a Bombardier in the 11th Siege Battery of the Royal Garrison Artillery. He died from the effects of gas on 1st June 1918, when he was 42. He lies at Crouy British cemetery, Crouy-sur-Somme, France.

He was the son of William and Elinor Turrell, from Dover, born and enlisting in that town. 

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