Both World Wars
For those of you
who have a soft spot for our animal friends - occasionally we
find information about how they fared during the wars.
Horse being landed at Boulogne, August 1914
In October "Mick", an
Irish terrier, who had belonged to an officer in the Royal Inniskilling
Fusiliers stationed at Dover, was believed to have traveled with troops
across the channel to find his master in the trenches. Mick was twice
wounded, and then returned to London, where photographs of him were sold
in aid of the Red Cross. An article about him appeard in "Animals'
Friend" in February 1916.
On 4 December 1914
notification was given that the government were using carrier pigeons,
and that no one should therefore shoot at any such birds seen. Found
carrier pigeons which had lost their way should be handed in to the
On Christmas Day 1914
the RSPCA fund for sick and wounded horses reported donations totalling
£4 11s 0d
16 April. The only
casualty of a raid on Sittingbourne and Faversham by an enemy plane
17 May - bomb set fire to a fowl house in
Ramsgate. It's uncertain whether any poultry were inside.
4/5 June. One horse killed at Twydall
Farm, Rainham, two at Brandon Street Gravesend, by bombs.
1 March - at Clarendon
Road, Broadstairs a bomb cut through a chain tethering a dog to a
kennel; the dog bolted in fright
19/20 May - chicken
killed at Dumpton, by bomb
On 22 August a horse
was killed by a bomb that fell in the Keep Yard at Dover Castle.
In October the public were informed that
there had been several incidences of carrier pigeons being shot down.
They were reminded of the vital work of the pigeons, and reminded that
there was a fine of £100 or six months imprisonment with or without hard
labour, or both penalties, should a pigeon be shot down, wounded, or not
handed over to the uthoritis, or should anyone with any information of
such occurences neglect to report it. As added incentive, anyone
reporting an incident would receive a reward of £5.
Mr Banks was carrying
a dog when he was fatally injured during the blackout by a bus. The dog
survived and ran away yelping.
By April 1940, 100,000
sheep had been moved from the Romney Marsh, where they were considered
as both booty in a possible invasion and a potential hindrance to
resistance and defence. Six sheep died in the move.
On 21 August 1940, a chaffinch was killed when two bombs
fell on allotments behind the Dover railway at Canterbury.
On 11 September 1940 Mr Walker and his
dog were sheltering during a raid under his boat on the beach by
Granville gardens. Both were killed by a bomb
On 22 September a Hunt
kennels in SE England was bombed and flattened. None of the thirty
hounds was hurt, though some dozen were thrown twenty feet or more by
the blast. Hounds were all found within three hours.
In December it was reported that
content of their milk was good during June, July, and August, but
diminished in September to a subnormal average. This may have been owing
to the colder nights, but it was also suggested this may have occurred
through enemy air raids, as there was some evidence to suggest fat
content was less when cows had been scared by explosions.
7 October 1940. The
pony belonging to Mr and Mrs Moore, which used to pull their shop
delivery cart, was killed when a bomb fell. Mr and Mrs Moore were
10 October 1941. An RSPCA report stated that
a dog, three cats, fourteen rabbits, a chicken, and two canaries were
killed outright during a recent air-raid in the South-Eastern area. The RSPCA Inspector had to give first aid to three dogs, but three cats and
another dog injured were put to sleep. A number of other animals were
rescued and temporarily housed; a total of 106 animals were handled.
17 October 1941. A report stated that
five in-calf cows near a south-east town had been killed outright or
needed to be put to sleep through enemy action, and one
cow was injured on the shoulder and flank.
October 1941. Lost when
HMS Cossack was torpedoed was "Pluto". He had been purchased for
half-a-crown in Malta, and was on board during the 2nd Battle of Narvik,
the Altmark incident, and at the sinking of the Bismarck.
2 January 1942. A report on animal
casualties gave seven sheep killed and five injured, a cat killed, a
heifer and a pig injured, a dog and a cat severely shocked, and a
further casualty of a duck.
16 January 1942. A flock of twenty
sheep strayed into a mined area. Seven were killed by the mines, the
unretrievable remainder of the sheep were shot in order to avoid
detonating any further mines.
April 1942. Two tame rabbits were
stolen by Robert Alfred Perry and Alec Frank Robinson, two soldiers,
from a man in Guston. The soldiers then tried to sell the rabbits at the
Dublin Man o' War, River. Robert Perry soldiers said he was a married
man and needed the money. They were both sentenced to short spells of
1 May 1942. A cat became trapped in
the chimney of a bomb-damaged building. It was located after nearly a
month and released by removing bricks in the chimney breast. The cat,
although rather thin, ran away immediately it was rescued.
Cow and Bullocks
On 10 November it was reported that a
shell at Bockhill Farm had killed a cow and three bullocks
5 February 1943. A report states that
during recent bombing attacks the RSPCA recorded 12 cats, 8 dogs, 27
sheep, 8 fowls, and 7 domestic rabbits killed, with "quite a large
number" of injured animals being treated at clinics.
12 March 1943. "Flash" was a white West Highland terrier.
He had been on board the Norwegian Tanker Tankexpress when she was
torpedoed by a U-boat in the South Atlantic in July 1942. All the crew
were picked up by HMS Lightning a week later and safely put ashore in Gibraltar.
Their dog they gave to HMS Lightning, where he was renamed "Flash" and
looked after by CPO Jago.
HMS Lightning was torpedoed on 12
March 1943 in the Mediterranean. Forty four men were lost, including
Alfred Silk. "Flash" was last
seen swimming in the water, looking for his master.
with thanks to John Dann
HMS Lightning features also in the
nautical narrative of "Unsinkable Sam". He is said to have been a
black-and-white cat found floating on wreckage by HMS Lightning after
the sinking of the Ark Royal on 13 November 1941. He gained the name "Unsinkable" through
having already survived, named Oskar, the sinking of the Bismarck, west of Brest,
France, on 27 May 1941, and then the torpedo damage and subsequent loss
of HMS Cossack in October 1941. There is a portrait entitled "Oscar, the
Bismarck's cat" at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
23 April 1943. A tortoise was found
under five feet of soil. It had been buried by the debris from a bomb
which fell in Albert Road some six months before. On its back, it was
nevertheless seemingly none the worse for its imposed hibernation as it
was still alive.
Autumn 1943. Dover Museum was severely damaged by air
raids, and the Plomley collection of Kentish birds was destroyed. The
collection was a century old, and contained specimens of now-extinct
4 February 1944. A report states that
during recent air raids 11 cows and 12 calves were burnt to death, and 5
cows and a bull were so badly burnt they had to be put down.
The RSPCA recorded 8 dogs, 20
cats, 23 rabbits, and 8 fowls also needing attention; most could be
29 June 1944. Watkin's piggeries at
Aycliffe were struck by shell. Pigs and possibly also other animals
killed. At Great Farthingloe Farm a cow and a pig were killed.
A variety of (so far) secondary sources have been used, including the Dover Express, and
"A Glint in the Sky"
by Martin Easdown with Thomas Genth